The Soviet Invasion Of Afghanistan

Afghanistan's Weak Government

Afghanistan was struggling to find good leaders. Afghanistan’s people had wanted to over throw their king, to change the government from being a monarchy. After the monarchy of Afghanistan was over thrown, the government was looking for a new leader to take control, and find a new and better ruling in the country. That’s when the soviet’s then found an opportunity to take over. It started when two democratic parties, Khalq and Parcham, over threw the king. One side of the party was called the khlaq. This group based their rulings through Marxist ideaology, focusing on phylosophy, economics, and history. The other side of the group was “Parcham” believing in more of a socialism movement for pre-industrilization Afghanistan. Even though the two groups worked together to overthrow the king on April 27, 1978, they still had their differences and politically fought with each other. To stop the fights between the two groups, Muhammad Taraki was chosen to become president of Afghanistan. He was the leader of the Khalq group.
A book and Parcham and Khalq (

Soviet's Gain Power

According to the May 2006 US State Department Report “An Islamic Extremist group from eastern Afghanistan start to spread throughout the country after they rebelled against Taraki’s government policies. Violence began to grow and Taraki was shot that same year by a rebel group” (NewsHour, Online. "The Online NewsHour: Afghanistan and the War on Terror | The Soviet Occupation | PBS." PBS: Public Broadcasting Service. 10 Oct. 2006. Web. 16 Feb. 2011. <>.)

Hafizullah Amin, Taraki’s deputy prime minister, tried to gain power over Afghanistan but failed to do so.
Amin Hafizullah, Taraki's deputy prime minister (
“After the invasion, Afghanistan was being monitored by the KGB, Soviet Union's intelligence agency, reported that Amin couldn’t hold power of the country and that their Marxist policies would worsen Afganistan’s conditions. Other reports from the KGB were that Amin wasn’t loyal to the Soviet’s and was actually an American spy, so then they decided to find a more pro-soviet leader.” (Grinevsky, Oleg. The Secrets of the Soviet Diplomacy. Print.)

    That’s why Amin was assassinated by the KGB and the Soviets took full control of Afghanistan in December 1979. They had set up military and social reforms throughout the country and began their invasion.